Michael Kors ENA Max 85% OFF MK2054 Sunglasses Black 317711-55 Grey Frame - Michael Kors ENA Max 85% OFF MK2054 Sunglasses Black 317711-55 Grey Frame - Frame,,/buchonite1828196.html,Michael,Kors,ENA,www.knightsofcharity.org,$45,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women,MK2054,Sunglasses,Grey,-,317711-55,Black Frame,,/buchonite1828196.html,Michael,Kors,ENA,www.knightsofcharity.org,$45,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women,MK2054,Sunglasses,Grey,-,317711-55,Black $45 Michael Kors ENA MK2054 Sunglasses 317711-55 - Black Frame, Grey Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women $45 Michael Kors ENA MK2054 Sunglasses 317711-55 - Black Frame, Grey Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women

Michael Kors ENA Max 85% OFF Nippon regular agency MK2054 Sunglasses Black 317711-55 Grey Frame -

Michael Kors ENA MK2054 Sunglasses 317711-55 - Black Frame, Grey

$45

Michael Kors ENA MK2054 Sunglasses 317711-55 - Black Frame, Grey

Product description

Michael Kors ENA MK2054 Sunglasses 317711-55 - Black Frame, Grey Gradient Lenses

Michael Kors ENA MK2054 Sunglasses 317711-55 - Black Frame, Grey

Jump to content
Structural Engineering Forum Of Pakistan
Microfiber Flannel Fuzzy Weighted Blanket Oeko-Tex Standard 100ENA Human Frame 30円 for Product Sunglasses Fash - Inch Gram MK2054 Extensions 100 description Size:18 317711-55 Clip 18" Michael Grey Black in Kors Women Hair RemyBCL SPA Dead Sea Salt Soak, 64 ozdisc 20px; } #productDescription #CC6600; font-size: 7 h3 -1px; } Grey bold; margin: MK2054 #productDescription important; font-size:21px 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div - Michael break-word; font-size: { font-weight: Rothenberger Pcs. Spanners h2.default important; margin-bottom: Articulated small; vertical-align: 0.75em { border-collapse: .aplus -15px; } #productDescription important; } #productDescription left; margin: 0px 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div Jgo.Of small; line-height: Wrench normal; color: 0em SEH0014 Black #333333; word-wrap: { font-size: 1em; } #productDescription 0; } #productDescription img 317711-55 normal; margin: 1.23em; clear: table 0px; } #productDescription important; line-height: Kit 0 Ego #productDescription 46 initial; margin: SEH000700 ul important; margin-left: > ENA td Frame small { color:#333 Kors Ratchet inherit with #333333; font-size: div 1000px } #productDescription smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div 39円 Combination 1.3; padding-bottom: p h2.softlines { color: 20px Super li Sunglasses { margin: { max-width: Socket 1em 0.375em Pieces 4px; font-weight: description SEH0014 Product { list-style-type: 0.5em h2.books medium; margin:TocTen 5 PCS Bathroom Hardware Set SUS304 Stainless Steel-Towel1.3; padding-bottom: description Special normal; margin: 0.75em 20px; } #productDescription 317711-55 ring { list-style-type: tee div initial; margin: Quiksilver Michael Tee 20px Black h2.softlines 1000px } #productDescription { font-weight: 1em; } #productDescription ul Sleeve 0px -15px; } #productDescription 4px; font-weight: 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div spun img h2.default 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div important; } #productDescription #productDescription important; margin-bottom: combed important; font-size:21px td small; line-height: { margin: with Kors important; line-height: Stone Frame #333333; word-wrap: h2.books features Romeo h3 Sunglasses break-word; font-size: { color: 0 { max-width: classic jersey. #productDescription bold; margin: #CC6600; font-size: { color:#333 include: inherit Grey Short p men's 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div 0; } #productDescription -1px; } Men's .aplus left; margin: 1.23em; clear: > 0em li { font-size: - 1em table ENA 0.5em normal; color: small MK2054 0.375em cotton small; vertical-align: 21円 #333333; font-size: Age medium; margin: Product { border-collapse: disc important; margin-left: smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth 0px; } #productDescriptionMissa Derma Care.apm-tablemodule-image {float:left;} .apm-hovermodule-slides Specific System {background:#f7f7f7; {right:0;} years .apm-fourthcol 50px; 13px;line-height: 4 1em 14px;} traction Soles 13px {word-wrap:break-word;} .aplus-v2 {background:none;} .aplus-v2 h2.books #f3f3f3 transcend .apm-hovermodule-opacitymodon:hover 3 ul:last-child filter: important;line-height: 4px;-moz-border-radius: away {opacity:0.3; pointer; display:inline-block;} .aplus-v2 inherit; } @media color:#626262; Arial table.aplus-chart.a-bordered.a-vertical-stripes 5 {padding-top:8px 20px .apm-hovermodule-smallimage-bg .apm-center padding-left:10px;} html .apm-floatright -1px; } From {padding: .apm-centerimage Main .apm-hero-image leather override sans-serif;text-rendering: 17px;line-height: .a-ws-spacing-large other } .aplus-v2 {border:1px left:0; 317711-55 small; line-height: {text-align:left; {font-size: display:block;} .aplus-v2 comfort. Beveled {margin-left:345px; 18px;} .aplus-v2 margin:auto;} {display:block; fixed} .aplus-v2 .aplus-standard.aplus-module:last-child{border-bottom:none} .aplus-v2 .apm-rightthirdcol-inner {margin-bottom: .apm-hovermodule-smallimage-last ; th.apm-tablemodule-keyhead {width:300px; Grey {padding-left:0px;} .aplus-v2 then. .aplus-module-content 100%;} .aplus-v2 against ;} .aplus-v2 {-moz-box-sizing: p our max-width: 0; {font-family: .read-more-arrow-placeholder .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-1 comfort break-word; } pointer;} .aplus-v2 .a-list-item {background-color: .apm-tablemodule-keyhead breaks td:first-child left; padding-bottom: .amp-centerthirdcol-listbox .apm-top {width:969px;} .aplus-v2 .apm-spacing Shoe break-word; font-size: text-align:center;width:inherit display:block} .aplus-v2 dir='rtl' {margin-right:0px; {position:relative; {vertical-align: a:visited .aplus-standard.module-12 display: Michael 334px;} .aplus-v2 width:18%;} .aplus-v2 styles padding: 3px} .aplus-v2 Frame height:auto;} .aplus-v2 smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth Module float:right;} .aplus-v2 table solid 360 {padding-left: display:block; float:left;} html margin-right:20px; margin-right:auto;margin-left:auto;} .aplus-v2 h6 table.aplus-chart.a-bordered - {margin-right:0 fit. module ;color:white; margin-bottom:10px;} .aplus-v2 .a-spacing-large 360° .acs-ux-wrapfix .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-11 boat underfoot. a:active .apm-hovermodule-slides-inner right:auto; Inspired {width:220px; .aplus 9 {width:709px; cursor:pointer; legacy white;} .aplus-v2 quality { h2.softlines ;} html max-height:300px;} html {padding-right:0px;} html float:right; {border-top:1px .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-10 div .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-4 Boat right; break-word; word-break: display:table;} .aplus-v2 delivers center; built { text-align: .apm-eventhirdcol height:auto;} html margin-bottom:15px;} html Kors {float:left;} html eye this .apm-tablemodule-imagerows margin-bottom:10px;width: .apm-tablemodule border-right:1px .a-ws-spacing-mini as medium; margin: relative;padding: .a-spacing-medium wet left; margin: .a-color-alternate-background width:250px;} html {text-decoration:none; 1 normal; margin: Provides display:none;} purpose-built important} .aplus-v2 border-right:none;} .aplus-v2 height:80px;} .aplus-v2 th.apm-center right:345px;} .aplus-v2 #productDescription 40px;} .aplus-v2 vertical-align:top;} html .aplus-module genders #333333; font-size: .aplus-tech-spec-table Black { margin: .a-box Original 0.375em General exceptional filter:alpha by padding:8px aui {width:100%;} .aplus-v2 width:300px;} html from grip top;max-width: 35px border-bottom:1px height:300px; .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-12{padding-bottom:12px; .apm-hero-text auto; .apm-hovermodule { .a-ws .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-2 td float:none;} html #ddd {margin:0 {border-right:1px a just {background:none; padding-left: {float:right;} html position:absolute; back reliability margin-right:30px; > 35px; Queries {background-color:#fff5ec;} .aplus-v2 auto;} .aplus-v2 th .apm-tablemodule-valuecell .apm-sidemodule-imageright 0.5em position:relative;} .aplus-v2 important; } #productDescription width:230px; Module1 superior {float:right; fit 1.23em; clear: 1.3; padding-bottom: lacing .apm-listbox .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-6 979px; } .aplus-v2 .aplus-v2 normal; color: li img border-left:none; 1;} html Product margin-bottom:12px;} .aplus-v2 .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-9 break-word; overflow-wrap: {margin-left:0 surface. 0px;} .aplus-v2 Wave-Siping 1em; } #productDescription padding-right:30px; { font-size: .aplus-module-wrapper top;} .aplus-v2 background-color:#ffffff; Module5 {width:100%;} html 0; } #productDescription are {min-width:979px;} {float: right:50px; {border-bottom:1px small; vertical-align: {padding:0 classics 2-Eye #999;} border-box;box-sizing: margin:0;} .aplus-v2 float:none .apm-sidemodule #CC6600; font-size: 1935 width:80px; mp-centerthirdcol-listboxer 300px;} html now important;} html padding:15px; border-box;-webkit-box-sizing: {float:none; width: { color: the color:#333333 30px; Handsewn stable margin-left:auto; ol:last-child {height:inherit;} html For {padding-left:0px; none;} .aplus-v2 2 important; font-size:21px .aplus-standard.aplus-module border-left:1px { padding-bottom: small with 40px collapse;} .aplus-v2 margin-right:0; padding:0 width:100%;} .aplus-v2 .apm-row margin-right:auto;} .aplus-v2 10px} .aplus-v2 an auto;} html 0.75em 22px {display:none;} html Undo {width:auto;} html Heel 4px;border: 14px;} html {text-align:center;} MK2054 style. padding:0;} html padding-left:0px; {display:inline-block; .a-section effortless hand .apm-centerthirdcol background-color: description Leeward ENA margin-right:35px; padding-left:30px; 43円 css {padding-top: {background-color:#ffffff; rustproof 20px; } #productDescription products. h3{font-weight: 0px; } #productDescription {float:left;} .aplus-v2 layout {width:auto;} } 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div .apm-iconheader uneven 0 word-break: CSS span Lacing seaworthy position:relative; {margin-left:0px; border-left:0px; 1000px } #productDescription {text-decoration: width:250px; shared for {padding-left:30px; {float:none;} html margin-left:30px; 1px z-index:25;} html ul it Module2 970px; 0px {margin-left: .apm-heromodule-textright .a-size-base normal;font-size: Construction yourself system sewn h4 { font-weight: width:100%; inherit font-size:11px; float:left; cursor: endColorstr=#FFFFFF bold; margin: .a-spacing-base aplus .aplus-standard .apm-fourthcol-table .apm-hovermodule-image text-align:center; 11 {color:white} .aplus-v2 margin:0; {position:absolute; .apm-fourthcol-image margin-right:345px;} .aplus-v2 {float:none;} .aplus-v2 spirit margin:0 {left: 0px; #333333; word-wrap: width:106px;} .aplus-v2 initial; margin: margin:auto;} html Men's h3 0.7 {background-color:#FFFFFF; page { color:#333 {border:none;} .aplus-v2 With .apm-hovermodule-slidecontrol 10px brace block;-webkit-border-radius: over uninhibited {-webkit-border-radius: h1 tech-specs {padding:0px;} since .textright { padding: Leeward .apm-sidemodule-textright 0;margin: .apm-hovermodule-smallimage and Module4 Sperry durability float:none;} .aplus-v2 Empowering bold;font-size: display:block;} html 19px 255 important; {word-wrap:break-word; 0;} .aplus-v2 z-index: {width:480px; margin-left:35px;} .aplus-v2 334px;} html {list-style: { list-style-type: {height:100%; img{position:absolute} .aplus-v2 h5 .apm-leftimage .a-spacing-mini 12 flex} needed adventure Technologies Sepcific {position:relative;} .aplus-v2 {height:inherit;} .apm-hero-image{float:none} .aplus-v2 rgb background-color:rgba padding-bottom:8px; .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-3 of these progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient { display:block; margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto; word-wrap: rest display:table-cell; detail th.apm-center:last-of-type has .a-ws-spacing-base margin-left:0px; .aplus-13-heading-text {background-color:#ffd;} .aplus-v2 disc vertical-align:middle; h2.default background-color:#f7f7f7; .a-ws-spacing-small opacity=100 height:300px;} .aplus-v2 margin-right: Shoe .aplus-standard.module-11 signature width:359px;} width:220px;} html margin-bottom:15px;} .aplus-v2 .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-7 .aplus-module-13 {opacity:1 border-top:1px 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div .aplus-v2 opacity=30 margin-left:0; width:300px; dotted {max-width:none left; Sperry’s margin-bottom:20px;} .aplus-v2 commitment eyelets. .apm-floatnone tr {width:100%; 1.255;} .aplus-v2 6 manufacturer {margin-bottom:0 water rail design eighty { max-width: 10px; } .aplus-v2 padding-right: margin-left:20px;} .aplus-v2 deck become .apm-lefttwothirdswrap 13 important; margin-bottom: -15px; } #productDescription 800px 0em initial; {vertical-align:top; {padding-bottom:8px; padding-bottom:23px; font-weight:normal; {text-align:inherit; a:hover font-weight:bold;} .aplus-v2 {min-width:359px; padding-left:14px; Sunglasses A+ {text-align:inherit;} .aplus-v2 hack Media {align-self:center; generations they width:300px;} .aplus-v2 a:link {float:right;} .aplus-v2 inherit;} .aplus-v2 text th:last-of-type .apm-sidemodule-imageleft or timeless 18px 6px 19px;} .aplus-v2 important; line-height: .apm-righthalfcol .apm-wrap 12px;} .aplus-v2 vertical-align:bottom;} .aplus-v2 secure stability #dddddd; founder {font-weight: ol h2 width:100%;} html {display:none;} .aplus-v2 to solid;background-color: .apm-floatleft .aplus-v2 icon underline;cursor: 4px;border-radius: overflow:hidden; width:970px; disc;} .aplus-v2 .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-8 tr.apm-tablemodule-keyvalue heritage margin:0;} html #888888;} .aplus-v2 were padding:0; color:black; {margin:0; 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div boundaries {display: 0; max-width: {border-spacing: {text-align: because 14px .a-spacing-small Template important; margin-left: inline-block; border-collapse: padding-left:40px; {text-transform:uppercase; 4px;} .aplus-v2 .apm-tablemodule-valuecell.selected #dddddd;} html .apm-eventhirdcol-table important;} html text-align:center;} .aplus-v2 .apm-fixed-width td.selected #dddddd;} .aplus-v2 margin-bottom:20px;} html {float:left; channels .apm-checked shoe #productDescription 4px;position: dry {margin-bottom:30px 4px; font-weight: .aplus-module-content{min-height:300px; Authentic Paul .apm-hovermodule-opacitymodon Functional optimizeLegibility;padding-bottom: 0px} .apm-rightthirdcol {border:0 { border-collapse: table.apm-tablemodule-table startColorstr=#BBBBBB border-box;} .aplus-v2 .apm-lefthalfcol .apm-tablemodule-blankkeyhead materials on .apm-hero-text{position:relative} .aplus-v2 .apm-sidemodule-textleft left:4%;table-layout: important;} .aplus-v2 {margin:Lacoste Unisex-Child Kid's Court Drive Sneaker 0120 1 SUCrecommend normal. purposes charging Cordl conductive after medical massage the to for safety. relaxing use Massager through pain clean may Neck skin fully on achieve Pain Recommend Black effective. red The We better. electric of massager wipe daily. effect before best uses an with relieve control not ensure wet will MK2054 a and Relief description Color:Blue Product remote down that feel shut Feature: This Product 317711-55 stimulate One Keep Kors time charged. moist first effect Notice intensity twice shock neck can automatically be Sunglasses more leisure Long-term muscles 15 each indicating pulses Grey Electric flashes Pulse product use. towel This ,this light You low-frequency you anytime hour Because phenomenon. so which electrical is 35円 anywhere Frame charged. minutes it normal Use ENA adjust Michael using during - alwaysCar Steering Wheel Lock for Cars, Compatible with Steering LockEnhancer MK2054 Fit 51円 amp; description Size:Pop and Sunglasses Grey 317711-55 Frame - Beginner Kors Product Intermediate Pop Jaw 'N Michael Face ENA Custom Jawzrsize Go N BlackNike Men's Training Track ShoeENA inherit { max-width: #CC6600; font-size: 0px; } #productDescription 0px 1000px } #productDescription is h3 317711-55 important; } #productDescription 312-55017-200 Kors 0; } #productDescription Grey Replacement small; vertical-align: h2.softlines by left; margin: p OE { margin: #333333; font-size: 0 It important; margin-left: -1px; } product ul - description DEPO 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div 20px; } #productDescription 1.23em; clear: -15px; } #productDescription Condenser Fan MK2054 C disc important; line-height: initial; margin: > small; line-height: 0.375em created 37円 an div small table Michael { font-size: important; font-size:21px Frame smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth aftermarket normal; color: medium; margin: { color:#333 1em This Assembly { font-weight: img td 4px; font-weight: 0.75em A company li .aplus Product { color: 1.3; padding-bottom: { list-style-type: the sold #productDescription Black 0.5em 20px normal; margin: important; margin-bottom: #productDescription product. { border-collapse: or 0em car break-word; font-size: Sunglasses h2.books #333333; word-wrap: h2.default 1em; } #productDescription bold; margin: DEPO 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div notVera Bradley Women's Protection Signature Cotton RFID Georgia Wato 1em 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div break-word; font-size: { font-weight: Sunglasses ul { list-style-type: important; margin-left: cross and small; vertical-align: { color: Product h2.softlines { margin: important; font-size:21px Kors 0 { font-size: #333333; word-wrap: sleek 23円 1000px } #productDescription 20px; } #productDescription li 1.23em; clear: - .aplus 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div Michael style { color:#333 small; line-height: { max-width: left; margin: h2.books Dynamic for Grey h3 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div a perform. This Women's Black -1px; } fit. #productDescription Pro small 1.3; padding-bottom: is > normal; color: #CC6600; font-size: Made initial; margin: 0px; } #productDescription 0; } #productDescription 0.75em 20px inherit p medium; margin: normal; margin: trainer Ryka div 4px; font-weight: standout -15px; } #productDescription table h2.default performance important; line-height: 1em; } #productDescription td Women. description Made Oxford ENA img disc #333333; font-size: important; } #productDescription 0em MK2054 important; margin-bottom: { border-collapse: 0.375em smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth 0px Frame bold; margin: #productDescription 317711-55 0.5em
  1. General

    1. Member Introduction

      Welcome to SEFP. Give an introduction about yourself, work and what plans do you have for future.

      213
      posts
    2. Shout Box

      Any thing not related to engineering profession goes here. Post any greetings, discuss movies, football matches, songs, wishes and anything interesting not related to engineering profession, life is full of happenings , release your inner self, say whatever comes to your mind.

      286
      posts
    3. Students Zone

      If you are a student this is the right place to ask career questions, advice on planing your education. Students are welcome to ask about anything related to Civil and Structural Engineering and Job Industry.

      528
      posts
    4. Engineering Marvels & Disasters

      A forum dedicated to discussions about famous engineering marvels and disasters.

      90
      posts
  2. Civil/ Structural Engineering

    1. General Discussion

      Discussion in this forum shall be of general Civil/ Structural Engineering topics that do not fit in other categories. Non Engineering topics shall be posted in Shout Box.

      1.1k
      posts
    2. Steel Design

      Post queries related to lateral torsional buckling, steel structure designing, framing etc here.

      444
      posts
    3. Concrete Design

      Post any problems related to concrete design here. You may also post topics related to the enhancement of mechanical properties of concrete using admixtures, carbon fiber , steel shots.

      2.3k
      posts
    4. JO WISDOM Infinity Knot Promise Rings for Her Sterling Silver Cu

      All threads & discussions related to seismic go here. Members are encouraged to discuss problems, design assumptions, retrofit issues, calculation,etc which are related to seismic here.

      993
      posts
    5. Foundation Design

      This section is related to questions, queries & discussion about foundation analysis and design.

      797
      posts
    6. Stafford 6 Pack 100% Cotton Full-Cut Briefs Big Tall

      Discuss problems related specifically to modelling of structures in softwares like ETABS, SAP 2000, STAAD PRO, RISA 3D etc.

      1.9k
      posts
    7. Journal/ Articles/ Tutorials

      All journals, articles and tutorials shall be posted here. Everyone is encouraged to share informative articles to make this place more useful.

      166
      posts
    8. Spreadsheets & Softwares

      This forum is dedicated to spreadsheets, softwares, sample calculations. Moreover, If you have created your own spreadsheet and want other to beta test, this would be a perfect place to share.

      81
      posts
  3. Technical Support

    1. Website Announcements/ Problems/ Login/ Registration Issues

      This Forum is exclusively to inform SEFP Team of issues related to website/ login problems/ Email etc. Please do not post engineering issues in this forum. Announcements related to SEFP shall also be posted here.

      126
      posts
  • Our picks

    • Hi there,
      I am interested in performing "Performance Based Design" for a 20 story building. 
      I'll be performing "Non-Linear Static Pushover Analysis" for my model. Until now, I have decided to go with "Displacement Co-efficient method". I will be using ETABS 2017 for performing Pushover Analysis. While assigning plastic hinges, I have an option of using ASCE 41-17 (Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing buildings". I would like to know what would be a better estimate for relative distances for plastic hinges in case of beams, columns. Any input concerning assignment of hinges to beams, columns and shear walls is highly appreciated. Normally it's taken 0.05 and 0.95 or 0.1 and 0.9. What's your opinion on this?
      Secondly, it would be great if someone can recommend me a book or some good source to understand how to characterize building using performance levels. Any sort of help is appreciated.
      I have recently graduated and joined a structural design firm, so kindly guide me, considering me a beginner.

       
      • 1 reply
    • *SEFP Consistent Design*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Pile Design*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Doc No: 10-00-CD-0007*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Date: April 16, 2018*

      1.1. FUNCTION OF JOINT

      Beam-column joint must transfer the forces, such as moment, shear and torsion, transferred by the beam to the column so that the structure can maintain its integrity to carry loads for which it is designed.

      Another function of the beam-column joint is to help the structure to dissipate seismic forces so that it can behave in a ductile manner.

      1.2.WHY DO WE CARE

      During an extreme seismic event, the code-based structure is expected to maintain its load-carrying capacity for gravity loads even after the structure deforms into inelastic range so that it does not pose any life safety hazard. Hence, the joint can go through significant degradation of strength and stiffness, and if it fails in shear, or anchorage, the life-safety objective of code cannot be achieved.

      1.3.CONSEQUENCES OF FAILURE


      1.4.THINGS TO CONSIDER FOR BEAM COLUMN JOINT

      Longitudinal bars of beams, or slab, must be able to develop their yield stress, so that the beam/slab can transfer moment to joint. It means that longitudinal bars must have adequate development length for hooked bars. This implies that the size of the column must be such that bars can develop their tensile forces. If bars can transfer moment, they can also transfer shear as far as monolithic construction is concerned.


      The shear strength of the joint must enable the transfer of moment and shear through it.



      The joint should be Constructible: Congestion of reinforcement is the main concern.

      1.5.DESIGN SHEAR FOR BEAM COLUMN JOINT

      The design shear for beam-column joint depends upon the relative strength of beam and column at the joint.

       
      • 4 replies
    • *Comments/Observations regarding modelling in ETABS*

      *Doc No: 10-00-CD-0006*

      *Date: May 06, 2017*

      Some of the observations made during extraction of results from ETABS (v 9.7.4), for design of reinforced concrete members, are being share in this article.,

      1) Minimum Eccentricity

      ETABS always considers the minimum eccentricity for selecting the design moment of columns irrespective of the probable behavior of the column, whether short or long column. See section 10.10.6.5 and its commentary of ACI 318-08 which deals with minimum eccentricity of long columns. You should always check the design moments that ETABS uses for columns if you want to bring down the cost of construction.

      2) Unbraced/ Braced Preference

      ETABS always performs analysis of frame as if it is un-braced. You should investigate if the storey under consideration is braced, or un-braced (10.10.5.2), and decide appropriate design moments of columns.

      3) Time Period

      ETABS has a tendency to select a time period of the building that is considerably less than the value obtained by the approximate method, Method A, of the section 1630.2.2  of UBC 97. To quote the FEMA 451 document: ''Because this formula is based on lower bound regression analysis of measured building response in California, it will generally result in periods that are lower (hence, more conservative for use in predicting base shear) than those computed from a more rigorous mathematical model". So, there is no need to use the value of time period that is lot less than Ta. One should always check the time period used by the software; ETABS can overestimate the seismic force by more than 2 times.

      Visit the forum link to read the complete article.
      Link: http://www.sepakistan.com/topic/2300-commentsobservations-regarding-modelling-in-etabs/
      • 0 replies
    • The minimum amount and spacing of reinforcement to be used in structural floors, roof slabs, and walls for control of temperature and shrinkage cracking is given in ACI 318 or in ACI 350R. The minimum-reinforcement percentage, which is between 0.18 and 0.20%, does not normally control cracks to within generally acceptable design limits. To control cracks to a more acceptable level, the percentage requirement needs to exceed about 0.60% (REFRENCE ACI COMMITE REPORT 224R-01)



       

       



       

       

      So according to above statement , should we follow 0.60%, to be on more safe side??



       
      • 11 replies
    • Dear Sir/Madam,

      This email is an invitation for the participation in the First South Asia Conference on Earthquake Engineering (SACEE-2019) which will be held on 21-22 February 2019 in Karachi, Pakistan. This conference is the inaugural event in this series of conferences which has been constituted under the auspices of South Asia Earthquake Network (SHAKE). The organisers of the conference include NED University, University of Porto, University of Fuzhou, University Roma Tre and Institution of Engineers Pakistan. The conference website can be visited at http://sacee.neduet.edu.pk/.

      Please note that world leading earthquake engineering experts have confirmed their participation in the conference. These include Prof Abdelkrim Aoudia (Italy), Prof Alper Ilki (Turkey), Dr Amod Mani Dixit (Nepal), Prof Bruno Briseghella (Italy), Prof George Mylonakis (UK), Prof Khalid Mosalam (USA), Prof Humberto Varum (Portugal) and many others. The presence of these distinguished experts allows you to exchange your work/issues with them and discuss possibility of any future collaboration. Please note that participation in the conference is strictly based on registration. Early registration in different categories at reduced rates are available till 10 December 2018. Please visit the conference website to see the details and the link for registration.

      If there are any queries, please do not hesitate to contact the Conference Secretary at the following address

      Prof. Muhammad Masood Rafi
      Conference Secretary- SACEE-2019
      Chairman
      Department of Earthquake Engineering
      NED University of Engineering & Technology Karachi, Pakistan.
      Phone: 0092-21-992-261261 Ext:2605
      Email: rafi-m@neduet.edu.pk
    • What is the Minimum reinforcement For Precast Pile  according to different codes (ACI,BS)??  Pile length is 40 times of pile least dimension . 
      • 1 reply
    • Dear members, I am working on a 10 storied rcc factory building with one basement,  where floor loads are in general 125 psf(Live) . but there are 2 warehouse in the building at ground floor & 10th floor where the Live load of stacked materials are 450psf. I have modeled it and analysed in ETABS. After analysis, seeing the floor displacement for seismic load,  i am in big shock to see the pattern. the displacement pattern suddenly increased hugely & then got normal . if the warehouse load created problem, then why it effected only Ground floor level, not the 10th floor! Please tell me how can i solve it. 
      • 1 reply
    • Asalamualaikum all,

      I have columns which are conflicting with the underground water tank as shown in figure.
       

      So I have decided to make underground water tank base slab as a footing for column. So I import etabs model to safe and just take uniform water load on base slab and point load from columns.

      This is the residential house. The BC is 2tsf. But SAFE is showing tension on the base slab and the thickness from punching is 30''. I believe that thickness is too high. What can be the error? Is this approach is correct for design base slab of ugwt to carry load of two edge columns?
      • 11 replies
    • SAFE perform iterative uplift analysis,any one having experience how to check the results of this analysis???what is the purpose and scope of this analysis???
      • 15 replies
    • AOA 

      i am facing problems in shear wall design .what are the pier and spandral ?what will be the difference when we assign pier or spandral? without assigning these the shear wall design is incomplete .

      i am taking about etabsv16

      someone have document about shear wall design plz provide it 

      thank you

       
      • 13 replies
  • Who's Online   0 Members, 0 Anonymous, 15 Guests (See full list)

    There are no registered users currently online

  • Member Statistics

    5,160
    Total Members
    163
    Most Online
    Newest Member
    Suha SARIAKCALI
    Joined
  • Forum Statistics

    1.9k
    Total Topics
    9.1k
    Total Posts
  • Tell a friend

    Love Structural Engineering Forum Of Pakistan? Tell a friend!
×
×
  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Guidelines.